In 1989, Audi has developed a first vehicle with electric drive, the hybrid vehicle Audi 100 duo. This, however, remained at first without successor. 20 years later, when the electric mobility increasingly moved into the public interest, the plans for electric cars were revived also at Audi.
First, the term e-tron was used only for concept vehicles, the decision to use the term in the series and to establish itself as a brand later fell -. Quattro similar as before for the all-wheel drive Technically, the vehicles so designated except the using an electric motor drive in any form is little in common. Already in the details of the drive concept, they differ considerably; the range of types of vehicles ranging from small cars to super sports cars.
Specifically, Audi has presented or announced the following vehicles under the name e-tron:
a. Audi e-tron "Frankfurt": one in 2009 at the IAA in Frankfurt imagined as a show car high-performance sports car; a pure electric car with four Einzelradmotoren
b. Audi e-tron "Detroit": one presented in 2010 at the NAIAS in Detroit, slightly modified version of the Frankfurt show car; Drive concept similar to Frankfurt, but only driven rear wheels and slightly less power
c.Audi e-tron Spyder: one on the Paris Motor Show 2010 presented, based on the Detroit showcar version as a convertible; Drive a hybrid of electric motor and diesel direct injection (TDI)
d.Audi A3 e-tron Concept: variant of the Audi A3, presented at the Auto Shanghai 2011 as a concept study; Hybrid propulsion electric motor and TFSI engine
e. Audi A2 e-tron: concept car a new Audi A2, should be loud announcement go into production in 2013, initially only with pure electric drive, possibly later variant as a plug-in hybrid As part of the termination of the project of a new A2 A2 e-tron will probably have no chance on a series production.
a. Audi A3 e-tron: At the IAA 2013, the production version of the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron was presented with plug-in hybrid. It should go in the second half of 2014 in series.
b. Audi R8 e-tron: Electric version of the Audi R8 with pure electric drive (two electric motors with a total of 280 kW / 381 PS and 820 Nm of torque), should loudly announcing the end of 2012 to go into series . in November 2012 Audi withdrew the launch for this car and gave no new date. It was explained to the first successes for cost reasons. one could read in the automotive press that the range of 215 km was considered too low later.
c. Audi A1 e-tron: the hybrid version of the Audi A1; should go into production, according to announcement in 2013 or end of 2012; Electric drive, but with Wankel engine as extended range, pilot from March 2011 with 20 vehicles. - Electric Sports Car : E-tron is Electric and Hybrid Vehicle from German